A person interviewing for a skilled trade job

Interviewing for a Skilled Trade Job? Practice These Questions

Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) technicians often enjoy a rewarding and hands-on trade. These technicians require practical skills, problem-solving abilities and a passion for technical knowledge about heating, A/C and refrigeration equipment.

Individuals working in this trade should also understand HVAC safety standards. Whether you’re an HVAC student starting training classes, or you’ve been working in the field for years, you can find ways to protect yourself and others from potential hazards. Here are some HVAC safety tips to improve day-to-day operations:

What do you enjoy most about your line of work?

Hiring managers want to know about you and your technical skills and professional work habits. It’s a good idea to provide an answer that shows you have hands-on training. Instead of talking about how you will enjoy the company truck or the flexibility to set your own hours, you may consider discussing topics like working with your hands, solving problems and feeling accomplished that you completed the job on time and on budget.

How did you handle a disagreement at old job?

A trades student learning how to prepare for a job interviewThe interviewer is looking for evidence that you are a self-starter who can make decisions independently but who can also solve problems when they arise. Talk about a time when you and a coworker or customer disagreed about something. Maybe the customer wanted something that was unsafe or not permitted at your place of employment. Discuss how you listened to them patiently and worked to remedy the situation while ensuring no rules or safety measures were broken.

If you can’t think of an example from a job on your resume, you could also give an example of a disagreement you had in trade school. Think back to shop and theory classes—did you know you had the right answer, but a classmate insisted his answer was right instead? Maybe you found out your answer or technique was wrong. Tell the hiring manager how that impacted you, what you learned and how you approach this technique now.

Why do you want to work here?

Two people shake hands after asking job interview questions

While this question may seem easy on the surface, it requires some thought. People need jobs to make money to support themselves and their family—that much is true. However, if a hiring manager asks you this question, that’s not the answer they are looking for. Instead, they want to know why you think you’re the best fit for their specific company.

To answer this question, prepare an answer by completing some research. Before your interview, visit the company’s website. Read about what the company mission—do you believe in that too? Why? Explore their services and offerings. How do those align with your own skills and abilities? Be able to explain why you think this company is the best place for you.

Find Job Placement Assistance at Apex Technical School

Why do students choose Apex? Students say our job placement assistance is one reason. We provide support to students during training and upon program completion. Learn more about how we offer job placement assistance to Apex students by contacting us today.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

An A/C and Refrigeration Program student checks circuits with digital multimeter

Do You Know HVAC Safety?

Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) technicians often enjoy a rewarding and hands-on trade. These technicians require practical skills, problem-solving abilities and a passion for technical knowledge about heating, A/C and refrigeration equipment.

Individuals working in this trade should also understand HVAC safety standards. Whether you’re an HVAC student starting training classes, or you’ve been working in the field for years, you can find ways to protect yourself and others from potential hazards. Here are some HVAC safety tips to improve day-to-day operations:

1. Assess the situation

An individual uses HVAC tech service tools, a mobile phone, and a mask on the job
When an HVAC technician arrives at a jobsite, he or she should look around to understand the environment. Where is the HVAC equipment located? How many exits are there? What potential accidents or hazards might be present? Every jobsite is unique, and it’s crucial to evaluate the scene before getting to work. By pausing to reflect on the work setting, HVAC technicians give themselves valuable time to remember HVAC safety tips and act on them.

2. Wear safety gear

In addition to assessing the workspace, HVAC technicians should also ensure that they protect their body from potential accidents, chemical spills, electrical hazards and falls. Some individuals in the HVAC trade wear durable clothes to ensure the skin on their arms and legs doesn’t come into contact with sharp metal edges on air conditioners, heating systems or ventilation shafts. Gloves, protective eyewear and masks can also help increase safety for HVAC workers.


Related: Questions Homeowners Ask About HVAC Systems

3. Handle equipment properly

An HVAC technician follows HVAC safety tips on the job

While assessing a job, HVAC technicians can determine what types of heating or cooling appliances are present and what tools or equipment they need to inspect and repair issues. Therefore, knowledge about trade tools is key. In combination with HVAC history and theory, individuals learn hands-on skills in trade school, where they have the opportunity to handle HVAC service tech tools in a shop setting with experienced instructors. This is valuable training for entry-level employment and can go a long way in maintaining HVAC safety standards in the field.

Learn HVAC Safety in Trade School

Do you have a passion for working with your hands? If you enjoy problem-solving and have an interest in heating and cooling repair, learn more about the A/C Refrigeration Program at Apex Technical School. Classes are starting soon, and our Admissions team is scheduling appointments to help answer your questions.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

Students learn about the benefits of trade school in class

Are Trade Schools Worth It?

When trying to determine the next step on your educational or career path, it can be difficult to make a decision that feels right. You might have many questions and few answers. If you’re considering trade school, one of the main questions on your mind is likely, “Is trade school worth it?” To help you find more information to make this decision, we’ve compiled a few reasons why students say they choose to attend trade school.

3 Benefits of Trade School

Trade school can provide valuable benefits for students from a variety of backgrounds and situations. For example, trade school students may be recent high school graduates, single parents, part-time workers, or full-time working individuals who want to go back to school to start a new career path. Whatever your situation or circumstance, you may find that trade school is a good fit for you. Here are a few reasons to think seriously about enrolling in trade school.

Shorter Time to Learn

An automotive trade student knows the benefits of vocational school
Compared to a traditional four-year college experience or two-year community college experience, it takes less time to learn skills at trade school. For example, at Apex Technical School, students can complete their program in as little as seven months. Some students prefer to spend a shorter amount of time in school so they can more quickly enter their field of choice.


Related: How Long Is Trade School?

Hands-on Training

A welding shop where students learn hands-on skills at ApexHands-on training is one of the best ways to learn trade skills. By learning how to do trade techniques yourself—instead of simply hearing about them—you are more likely to remember information to use later at a job. Trade school provides students with valuable hands-on opportunities to work in the shop setting and use tools of the trade. Students enjoy studying this knowledge at trade school because they often feel more prepared once they step into the field.

Learn About Theory and Safety

Theory is the “why” behind an approach or idea. In addition to hands-on skills, trade schools like Apex Technical School teach trade theory so students understand why they learn about certain topics or techniques. Theory is grounded in the history of a trade. For example, the history of plumbing goes back thousands of years, and some old ideas are still important to the field today. In addition to theory and history, students at trade school also benefit from learning trade safety. Depending on which program you take, safety procedures may differ. Welding safety gear and guidelines may be different from those in construction—but all safety measures are always important at school and in your career.

Explore Trade School Programs at Apex

Now that you know more about the benefits of vocational school, see if Apex has a program that’s right for you. With several programs to choose from, you may find a path you’re interested in by browsing our programs. Have questions? We’re happy to talk to you. Contact us and we’ll be in touch soon.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

A tablet lies on a wooden workbench with other construction tools used in construction trade school

Benefits of Construction Technology

Advancements in new technology drive the construction industry forward. When you hear “construction technology,” what comes to mind first? Some think about robots that perform human tasks or super computers that manage large amounts of worksite data. However, technology is more than innovative equipment that can accomplish tasks for you. It includes software and machinery—and more traditional devices such as power tools and hand tools.

How Is Technology Used in Construction?

From trade school students to senior management on a construction jobsite, technology can influence productivity, safety and collaboration. Learn more about how technology in the construction industry can help some workers be more efficient.

1. Productivity

Every construction site is different with unique opportunities and challenges. Technology can make it easier for jobsite managers or foremen to streamline processes. With streamlined processes, planning becomes easier. Plus, productivity can increase because workers have clear expectations. Managers can use certain software to manage projects, from scheduling to reporting and more. Mobile apps can help individuals in the construction trade access timecards and work records.


Related: 5 Signs a Construction Career Path is Right for You

2. Safety and Training

A construction worker flies a drone on a worksiteSome construction sites implement new technology to improve safety on the job or to enhance onboarding and training. Worker training is important to keep everyone safe, whether workers are using their carpentry skills to build a residential home or operating equipment for a commercial construction project. Training can include learning how to use devices, such as wearable technology, to improve worker safety.

Wearable tech can be added to hard hats, vests and work boots to monitor workers’ health through sensors or their location with GPS. Wearables may also give workers access to a Wi-Fi hotspot, enabling them to sign online to review project details. Some construction projects are increasingly using drones to take aerial photos of a project in progress, conduct inspections or identify risks before a hazard occurs.

3. Collaboration

A construction trade school student learns how to use a table sawOn a large or noisy construction site, flexibility is key. Workers may be required to complete solo tasks, then help other crew members finish a related assignment. This type of environment needs collaboration and clear communication to function smoothly. Smartphones and tablets make communication easier and faster. They also enable workers to answer calls, check in on the go and resolve issues quickly.

While devices with screens can make construction work more efficient, it’s important to remember that practical skills and basic tools still power the average worksite. That’s why trade schools like Apex provide valuable, hands-on learning with fundamental tools such as:

  • Hammers and nail pullers
  • Screwdrivers and drills
  • Measuring tapes, rulers and levels
  • Framing squares and speed squares
  • Table saws, chop saws, circular saws and hand saws
  • Chisels and tile cutters

Knowing how to use basic tools of the trade has a huge impact on jobsite productivity and collaboration. You can work smarter when your whole crew has the skills to use tools efficiently.

Learn More About Construction Trade School

Technology can impact a variety of construction processes. Some worksites may use a combination of new technology and traditional technology, such as power tools and hand tools. At Apex, our instructors teach how to use common tools of the trade. Visit our programs page to find out more about the Construction and Building Skills Program at Apex.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

Windows at Apex Technical School building in New York

How to Get into Trade School

Is it hard to get into trade school in New York? How do I know if I’m qualified to enroll? How quickly can I finish trade school compared to a traditional four-year college? These are common questions the staff at Apex receive every day. We help individuals who are interested in learning more about trade school find the answers they need and enroll at our school if it’s a good fit. Find out more about the requirements for trade school below.

Vocational School Requirements for Enrollment

Vocational school at Apex Technical School buildingApex has four main requirements for trade school, which include:

  1. You must be at least 18 years of age. We also accept students who are 17 years of age with parental consent. You may be enrolled if you are 16 1/2 years old and have a release letter from your New York State high school.
  2. If you do not have a high school diploma or a GED, you must achieve a satisfactory score on a standardized examination.
  3. You will have an interview with an Admissions Representative at the school to see if Apex is right for you.
  4. You will be given information on the cost of attendance and financial assistance you may be eligible for. After careful consideration and you determine that Apex is right for you, you will sign an enrollment agreement and pay an application fee.

To learn more about the standardized examination, please contact us. We are happy to answer all your questions and want to make sure you get the information you need to make an informed decision about attending trade school. To learn more about transfer hours, visit our Admissions page.

Trade School Program Requirements

When you enroll in one of our seven programs, you’ll get the opportunity to split your time between the classroom and the shop. One of the benefits of trade school at Apex is the 900 hours of instruction and hands-on training students complete before finishing their program. Programs can be completed in as little as seven months.

Our trade programs include:

Is Financial Aid for Trade School Available?

A plumbing student repairs a pipe with a wrenchSome students are interested in financial aid for trade school. Financial assistance can vary from person to person. When you contact our school, you will receive information on the cost of attendance and financial assistance you may be eligible for. If you determine that Apex is right for you, you will sign an enrollment agreement and pay an application fee. You will also learn when your classes start and any other course requirements, such as tools you may receive.

Interested in learning more about enrolling at Apex? Contact us today online or by calling 212-645-3300.




*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

Apex Technical School plumbing classroom with desks and tools

The Benefits of Going to Trade School for Plumbing

At our trade school for plumbing, students get entry-level skills and hands-on training they can use on their career path. Learn about three plumbing school benefits that can help equip you to enter the plumbing field.

A Variety of Skills and Locations

A graduate of a trade school for plumbing fixes a sink in a residential homeStudents who go to trade school for plumbing can look forward to learning a variety of skills and using tools to maintain and repair different fixtures. In addition to toilets, plumbing students enrolled in trade school practice working with:

  • Sinks
  • Pipes
  • Water heaters
  • Water supply systems
  • Valves and faucets
  • And much more

Once they enter their career field, some plumbers may work in residential homes, while others may work in commercial buildings. Like an electrical career path, plumbing gives you the chance to experience different settings—maybe a dozen or more in a regular work week. If you’re someone who likes different work environments, plumbing school may be the path for you.

Plumbing School Can Lead to Independence

Do you have family obligations or want scheduling flexibility when it comes to your future career path? Plumbing school can provide the entry-level skills to pursue a career path like plumbing, where some workers have the opportunity to work alone if they so choose. Plumbers who go into business for themselves can set their own hours, which gives them more independence to balance personal responsibilities with their work schedule.

Related: Plumbing and Pipefitting Training: A Day in the Life at Apex

Hands-on Work vs. Sitting at a Desk

A plumbing student repairs a pipe with a wrenchAt a trade school like Apex, we provide plumbing students with instruction that is split between the classroom and the shop. We understand that most plumbers aren’t stuck in an office at a desk all day—instead, they spend their days moving, lifting, repairing and interacting with customers. Many of our students find value in hands-on training in our shop, where they can use plumbing tools, put theory into practice, and work alongside peers and instructors.

Plumbing School Benefits

For many individuals working in the plumbing field, their own trade school experience offered new perspectives and opportunities to learn skills for working in an exciting industry. As you think about whether you have a future in the plumbing industry, keep these top plumbing school benefits in mind:

  • Hands-on training
  • Skills for an entry-level position
  • Opportunity to learn about and handle a variety of fixtures and tools
  • Potential to work on the job, not behind a desk

Apex offers our Plumbing and Pipefitting program, which includes six segments that teach basic plumbing safety, plumbing history, pipe systems, plumbing tools and much more. Find out more about the program now or contact us to get answers to your questions.




*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

A person wears safety gear for students at Apex Technical School

Types of Welding Protective Gear

Protection is one of the first things individuals in the welding industry learn about their trade. Welding protective gear can help keep the skin, eyes, hair and face safe from the task at hand. At Apex, we require safety gear for welding students in the shop, where students engage in hands-on learning with welding tools and equipment. Keep reading to learn about the types of PPE required for welding—from professional welding helmets to protective hand gloves and more.

PPE Required for Welding

Welding requires personal protective equipment (PPE) to keep the welder safe from hot metal, bright light and UV radiation. Different types of welding may call for various types of gear. Common types of welding protective gear found in the industry include:

  • Welding helmets
  • Goggles
  • Respirators
  • Fire/flame resistant jackets or aprons
  • Ear plugs
  • Gloves

Why Is Eye Protection Important in Welding?

A professional welding helmet with protective hand gloves Welding protective gear for the eyes helps shield against ultraviolet radiation, flying particles, debris, sparks, intense light, irritation and chemical burns. Eye injuries can occur from bright welding light; therefore, welders should wear helmets fitted with a shade appropriate for the type of welding they are doing.

If a welder is not wearing a welding helmet with an eye shield, he or she should wear safety goggles with side protection to prevent particles and debris from entering the goggles and damaging the eyes.



Using Protective Hand Gloves for the Skin

A pair of welder's protective hand gloves on a workbenchInsulated gloves protect against electric shock, heat, burns and fires. Protect the wrists and forearms by wearing cuff-style leather gloves with protective sleeves. When kept dry, leather is a good electrical insulator. Gloves also protect the skin against ultraviolet radiation while allowing range of motion and an enhanced grip. According to Engineering 360, three common types of protective hand gloves include:

  • TIG welding gloves – Designed to provide adequate protection and finger sensitivity. Made of goat, cow, or pig hides.
  • MIG welding gloves – Designed to provide maximum protection with some dexterity. Made of pig, cow, or deer hides.
  • Stick welding gloves – Designed to provide the most robust protection. Made of cow or elk hides.

Related: Common Welding Types

Tips for Wearing Protective Clothing

All clothing types aren’t suitable for welding. It’s best to wear clothing made from heavy-weight wool or cotton to protect against ultraviolet radiation and flames. Make sure clothes don’t come into contact with oils or gasoline, as these are combustible and can catch fire easily. Wear high boots to protect the legs, ankles and feet from hot metal sparks.

Do not wear:

  • Jewelry
  • Synthetic materials
  • Torn or frayed clothing
  • Broken or damaged helmet lenses

Learn more about the Combination Welding Technology Program at Apex Technical School by visiting our program page or by contacting us today.




*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

A person holds a lightbulb with a graduation cap

Should I Go to Trade School in 2021?

Trade school can give students a sense of personal fulfillment and the opportunity to learn a craft. It can also position you for an entry-level position in your chosen industry. If you’re considering your goals for 2021, trade school might be a good option for you. Let us help you start planning for your future in trade school with an introduction to trade programs and the benefits of trade school in 2021.

What Trades Are There?

Trade school tools on a workbench Skilled trades are an important sector of the workforce and the economy. Tradesmen and tradeswomen keep America strong. However, you might not realize that there are many trades available for you to pursue. Which trade are you interested in? Does it align with your interests and goals? These are a few questions you will want to consider as you think about pursing a trade in 2021.

Here is a list of trade school programs offered at Apex Technical School:

Benefits of Trade School

Trade school offers benefits that vocational-minded students may not get at a traditional two-year or four-year college. For example, trade school is a good choice for students who want to complete their program and enter their chosen field quickly. At Apex, students can complete their program in as little as seven months vs. two or four years at a traditional college.

In addition, trade school provides a hands-on learning environment where students split their time between the classroom and the shop. Instructors teach about real-world scenarios and students become familiar with tools they might use on the job. This hands-on learning focus can help students prepare for an entry-level position with confidence.

Related: 4 Benefits of Hands-on Learning

Will Trade School Be Online in 2021?

Apex students learn the benefits of trade school in a classroom Many schools, colleges and vocation trade schools have reacted quickly in response to the COVID-19 pandemic throughout 2020 and into 2021. Health departments and government officials have mandated safety protocols in many states. Trade schools like Apex have instituted masking and social distancing to keep students and staff as safe as possible.

Apex has also used distance learning, or online learning, during the pandemic to teach theory classes. Depending on current health guidelines and type of coursework, Apex students may or may not participate in distance learning. To stay up to date with COVID-19 restrictions at Apex, visit our FAQ page.




*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

Symbols on a set of steps representing memorization vs learning

Study Tips and Tricks for Trade School Students

All of us learn new skills every day. Whether you’re playing a sport, cooking a different meal for dinner or taking a trade class to pursue your education and gain new skills, you’re absorbing new information quickly. This may sound overwhelming, but there are proven ways you can help your brain remember information. Explore these study tips and tricks to learn how to remember what you study in trade school.

Learn How to Take Notes

Note taking is a good way to help your brain remember information you’ll need to use later. Some students like to take notes while they read; some students like to take notes while an instructor speaks. Both approaches can help your brain understand and recall the information when you’re practicing what you learned in the shop or when you’re working in your career.

To take notes, consider using a different color pen to write important terms, such as “arc voltage” in welding or “floor flange” in plumbing. Your brain sees the term in a different color and is more likely to recall it. In addition, don’t worry about grammar, spelling or neat handwriting—instead, focus on the content of the information.

Related: Trade School Tips: How to Be Successful in School

Memorization vs Learning

A student practices study tips and tricks by learning how to take notes

What does it mean to memorize a fact instead of learning it? When your brain memorizes information, it takes it in and holds onto it word for word. You may remember a fact you memorized the night before a test, but weeks later, you could forget it. When you learn something, your brain is less likely to forget that information over time.

With learning, your brain understands new information—instead of simply storing it away in your mind for a short time. Learning allows you to apply ideas to real-life situations, which is very useful in a variety of technical trades where individuals often need to recall information and put it into practice.

Hands-on Studying

Some students learn best with visual information, such as charts, illustrations and diagrams. Some students are kinesthetic learners—which means they learn best with hands-on practice. If you learn by doing, there are a few steps you can take to energize your approach to studying, such as:

  • Chew gum while reading
  • Take frequent breaks
  • Walk around, tap your pencil or bounce a ball
  • Create flashcards

Apex students get the opportunity for hands-on learning in the shop. In addition, you may consider talking about the information you are learning with others.  When you explain how to install a light switch or change a tire to a study group, family member or friend, your brain practices remembering that information.

Be Interested in What You’re Learning

A student gets hands-on studying experience in the auto repair shopFinally, one of the most important ways to remember new information is to enjoy what you’re learning. When you’re interested in the topic, you feel motivated to make it a part of your life—whether it’s learning a new trade, how to speak confidently in front of others, or many other opportunities to expand your skill sets. When you feel driven to learn, you may want to avoid multitasking by placing your phone in your pocket or in another room. Turn off the TV or play your favorite music to help you focus.




At Apex, we are happy to help you find a trade that fits your goals and interests. To learn more about finding a path for your future, contact us today.




*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

An older vehicle with wood panels needs routine car maintenance

Learning Car Repair for Older Cars

The more you use something, the quicker it wears out and needs repairing. Over time, a driver may put thousands of miles on an engine, which rotates 180,000 times per hour. In addition to the engine, a car’s wheels and bearings also rotate millions of times during their lifespan. But usage isn’t the only factor to consider as a car ages—weather also plays a role. Oxygen, sunlight and moisture break down the plastic and metal that make up the pieces and parts on a car.

With so many aging cars on the roads, it’s important to know about common problems with an old car, as well as when to seek car maintenance. As a trade school student or someone who is interested in car maintenance, you can test your knowledge about car repair below.

Diagnosing Electrical Problems

A maze of wires, fuses and other electrical components lives under the hood of a vehicle. These electrical elements ensure the car runs smoothly and reliably, but they can also have trouble operating as the car, truck or SUV experiences wear and tear over time. Diagnosing electrical problems requires someone who is skilled and qualified in the automotive trade and has the knowledge to safely repair or replace components such as:A person diagnosing electrical problems, holding two spark plugs

  • Dead battery
  • Bad alternator
  • Bad starter
  • Corroded or loose battery cable
  • Blown electrical fuses
  • Failed spark plugs

A Dead Battery

The typical car battery lasts about three years or 50,000 miles. Car batteries die when their amps or electrical currents naturally decrease over time. When this happens, the battery can’t hold a charge. As a car ages, so does the battery. Car batteries should be replaced every 50,000 miles or three years as a preventive measure—even if they don’t show signs of damage. A bad alternator or temperature sensor could also shorten the life of a car battery. Always address these issues when they occur or take the car to a person experienced in the automotive trade.

Grinding or Squeaking Brakes

Like a battery, brakes are intended to wear out after a specified period of use. Old cars may go through multiple brakes over their lifespan. As they are critical for slowing and stopping, brakes should be replaced immediately when they begin to wear out. Squeaking, grinding or a soft brake pedal indicate an issue with a car’s brakes. They should be inspected by a qualified individual skilled in the auto trade.

Related: 5 Auto Repair Questions and Answers

Brittle, Cracked Gaskets

Gaskets in the engine can become brittle and crack with long-term, normal exposure to oxygen. Because gaskets seal fluids, once they crack, they allow fluids to leak out onto the road, driveway or garage floor. Gaskets can be found around the engine, transmission and differentials. A person skilled in automotive repair can evaluate and replace old, worn gaskets.

Rusted or Chipped Paint

A silver car with rust spots above the tire, a common problem with older carsSimilarly, weatherstripping designed to keep moisture out of the vehicle can begin to dry out and crack with age. This can cause rain water to enter into crevices, which leads to rust. Sunlight also fades and weakens paint on already old cars. Paint protects metal cars from the elements—but when it becomes weak, it chips off and exposes the metal beneath.

Vehicles with chipping paint tend to rust quickly because the protective barrier is gone. However, individuals skilled in auto body repair can take steps to apply new paint. They can even use a computerized system to match the original paint color.

The Importance of Regular Car Maintenance

Common problems with old cars should be addressed right away. When they are, it’s possible to extend the lifespan and safety of the vehicle. If you have a passion for cars and vehicle repair, consider pursuing a path in automotive or auto body repair. Apex Technical School offers hands-on training for an entry-level position in the field. Learn more about our program by exploring the courses we offer today.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

A welder repairs a damaged car with automotive MIG welding

How Auto Body Repair Students Use Welding on Cars

Welding is performed in a variety of industries and trades. Some tradesmen and women in the auto body and automotive industries rely on welding to fuse together car parts. Clean, strong welds are an important part of auto body work because they improve a vehicle’s appearance and reliability. Interested in the field of auto body repair? Keep reading to learn more about welding on cars.

What is automotive welding?

Auto body technicians use a variety of automotive welding techniques to complete structural repairs on various vehicles and equipment. They may also design a metal component to improve an existing structure. The most common welding methods for automotive jobs include resistance metal inert gas (MIG) welding, plasma arc welding (PAW) and tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding.

Learn more about MIG Welding and Other Common Welding Types.

How does a technician use auto repair welding?

An auto body technician may use different techniques and welding tools to complete individual jobs. Some auto body technicians may use welding to fix cracked vehicle panels, damaged fenders, welding exhaust on cars or rusted metal. Some job duties could include:

  • Perform structural repair on vehicles (e.g. repair cracks)
  • Fabricate metal components
  • Improve structural design and integrity
  • Interpret factory diagrams
  • Understand blueprints and sketches
  • Comply with safety regulations

A clipboard with tasks for auto repair welding

What types of welding tools are used for auto body repair welding?

In general, welding is a tool-intensive trade. Auto body welders need the right welding tools and safety equipment to perform the task at hand. Hands-on classes at Apex give students the opportunity to work with tools and put theory into practice. Some auto body welding essentials include:

  • Welder
  • Welding helmet or goggles
  • Gloves
  • Hearing protection
  • Welding curtains
  • Welding clamps

A car's exhaust system under the vehicle

What are some examples of automotive welding?

There are many ways to use welding on cars to repair collision damage or damage due to age. Here are some welding applications for vehicles:

Vehicle Frame or Fender Welding – Vehicle frames and fenders become bent or damages in collisions. A technician may need to cut out the warped piece of metal and replace it with a new piece. He or she can use automotive welding to adhere the new piece of metal and repair the car’s frame or fender safely.

Welding Exhaust on a Car – Exhaust systems can rust and develop holes due to age, moisture and constant use. Some auto body technicians can cut the exhaust pipe, clamp the pieces, apply spot welding and complete the weld.

Wheel Welding – This type of welding on cars is helpful to repair wheels damaged by potholes, which often crack metal wheel frames. Some auto body welders can repair the wheel frame using a TIG welder.

Learn More About Automotive Welding at Apex

Welding is a useful skill for an auto body technician who wants to pursue working in auto body repair or automotive mechanics. Are you interested in learning more about the Auto Body Repair program at Apex? Explore our program to find out more about our auto body classes.



Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

Components needed for rewiring a house wall socket

Residential Electrical FAQs

Electrical problems can be unsettling for most homeowners. Electricity powers many appliances in the home—and when it’s not working, it can be an inconvenience. Some electrical issues can also pose a potential fire hazard. These should be addressed right away by an electrician. In fact, all electrical problems, from a short circuit to rewiring a house, should be handled by a qualified individual with electrical skills and knowledge. Check out these common questions homeowners might ask about the electricity used to power items in their homes. 

What uses the most electricity in your home?

This basic electrical question is one of the first questions homeowners may ask. Residential energy consumption is the third-largest use of energy in the United States. These are the 10 most common sources of electricity consumption in 2019, as projected in the Annual Energy Outlook 2020: 

  1. Space cooling
  2. Space heating
  3. Water heating
  4. Refrigeration
  5. Lighting
  6. Clothes dryers
  7. Televisions
  8. Computers
  9. Furnace fans
  10. Freezers

Sometimes, homeowners don’t know when appliances are actively consuming electricity in their homes. In fact, some appliances use electricity even when they are switched off or not in use! These include printers, microwaves, routers and modems, and gaming consoles. 

Why does aoutlet spark when I plug in a device or appliance?

It’s normal to see the occasional small flash of electricity when you plug in a lamp, hair dryer or other appliance. However, if there is a spark every time you use the outlet—there might be a problem. The outlet could be short circuiting. Short circuits break down insulation and wires, and they are a potential fire hazard. An individual who works in the electrical trade can help diagnose the problem and recommend a solution. 

Why are plugs falling out of my wall outlet?

An electrician helps install a home electrical outlet

Over time and with frequent use, the outlet loosens and wears down. When this occurs, homeowners should have it fixed it right away. Like outlets that short circuit, loose outlets can spark too. These sparks are a potential fire hazard. If a socket is worn out, it is best to replace it right away to stay as safe as possible. Replacing an outlet requires rewiring part of the home’s electrical wiring. Make sure to call a qualified electrician who has the knowledge and hands-on skills to rewire a house wall socket easily and quickly. 



My circuit breaker trips all the time. Why?

This likely occurs when you use too many appliances at one time. And it may be an indication that your electrical circuits were not designed or installed correctly. Some powerful appliances, such as refrigerators and clothes dryers, require their own powerful circuits. An electrician can inspect the home’s circuitry to determine if too many appliances share a circuit, and ultimately make repairs to stop breaker trips.

An outlet with too many wires plugged into the socket

What is GFCI protection?

A GFCI outlet is designed to protect against electrical shock if it gets wet. GFCI outlets are required in bathrooms, garages, crawl spaces, basements, laundry rooms and other areas where water is present. They have a test button to turn off the GFCI, and a reset button to turn it back on after it has tripped. Having trouble getting a GFCI outlet to turn back on? Call an electrician who will be able to diagnose and fix the issue. 

Interested in learning if an electrical career path is right for you? Check out this blog post or contact us to learn more about the Electrical & Advanced Electrical program at Apex.


*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

HVAC maintenance tools and a scheduling reminder

Questions Homeowners Ask About HVAC Systems

Home Heating and Cooling FAQs

When an HVAC system works, most homeowners don’t think twice about it. When it doesn’t work, they may have many questions about heating and cooling units, energy efficiency and repairs. Here are some questions homeowners might ask when they are considering repair or replacement or trying to learn more about their major home appliances.

What is the HVAC system?

First-time homeowners may be unfamiliar with HVAC systems and might ask individuals in the HVAC trade questions about their purpose and how they work. HVAC stands for heating, ventilating and air conditioning, and they provide heating and cooling for indoor comfort. Air conditioning systems have one unit inside the residence that absorbs heat from the home’s air and one outdoor unit that empties that absorbed heat outside.

Does a larger HVAC system offer better performance?

Some people may wonder if a bigger HVAC system is better than a smaller model. After all, bigger is better—right? According to individuals in the HVAC trade, the answer is no. An HVAC system that is too large for the size of your home uses too much energy. Overly large systems are less efficient and cost more money to run than properly sized units.

Because large HVAC systems require more energy to start up, they may short cycle or turn off and on many times. The result is wasted energy, higher electric bills and lower comfort levels in the home.

HVAC technician replaces an air conditioning filter

How often should I change my filters?

Don’t forget about regular HVAC maintenance. To keep your air conditioner and furnace running smoothly and your energy bills low, replace the air filter on a routine basis. Individuals in the HVAC trade recommend replacing your filter every 90 days. However, there are a few additional factors you may want to consider.

If you have a pet in the home, such as a dog or cat, replace your filter every 30–60 days. Some pets shed more when the seasons change. Consider installing filter replacements in the fall and spring. If someone in the home suffers from asthma or allergies, replace the filter every 20–45 days.

How long do HVAC systems last?

Different types of air conditioners and furnaces have different life expectancies. Typically, the average lifespan is 10–20 years. However, with regular HVAC maintenance, cleaning and refrigerant replacement, some HVAC systems may last up to 30 years. Life expectancies for a variety of HVAC types include:

  • Air conditioners: 10 to 15 years
  • Furnaces and boilers: 15 to 20 years
  • Geothermal: 30 years
  • Water heaters: 10 years
  • Tankless water heaters: 20 years

How do you know if your HVAC system is going bad?

Your HVAC system can experience troubling symptoms, indicating it might be time for repair or replacement.

  1. Unusual smells

  2. Bad odors in your home could indicate motor or wiring problems inside your HVAC system. If the air smells stale or burnt, let the system run for 30 minutes. If the smell persists, call an HVAC specialist. If the air smells moldy, your system may not be draining moisture properly. Schedule a maintenance checkup before drainage issues result in rust build up or health problems.

  3. Slow air flow

  4. Dirty air filters can cause slow or restricted air flow. If changing the filter doesn’t return the air flow level to normal, call an HVAC professional. Long-term restricted air flow can cause compressor failure.

  5. Thermostat problems

  6. The temperature in your home should feel like the temperature reading on the thermostat. When your thermostat reading doesn’t match the temperature in the home, there is likely an issue with your HVAC unit. If your thermostat says 68 degrees but your home feels like 80 degrees, it’s time to schedule a repair.

  7. Noises

  8. Loud or strange noises indicate problems in an HVAC system. Some homeowners report mysterious rattling, whirring, buzzing or clicking sounds coming from their units. Noises may be a symptom of the following issues and should be handled quickly:

    • Refrigerant leaks
    • Loose mechanisms
    • Clogs
    • Compressor failure
    • Broken fan

Air conditioning repair technician uses a drill to make HVAC repairs

Why is my air conditioner running but not cooling my home?

Inadequate air flow is the most common cause of inadequate cooling. When the HVAC system cannot pull air into the system, it cannot recirculate cooled air back into the home. A dirty air filter is often to blame for an air conditioner that doesn’t cool the home.

If this doesn’t solve the problem, check to see if the outdoor unit is covered in dirt, debris or grass. Clean it with a garden hose on a gentle setting. If the unit still doesn’t cool the home, it’s time to call an individual who works in the HVAC trade who can identify and fix the problem.

Interested in learning if an HVAC career path is right for you? Check out this blog post or contact us to learn more about the Air Conditioning and Refrigeration program at Apex.


*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

Worker makes a site-specific safety plan

How Safety Rules Prevent Construction Jobsite Injuries

Minimize Construction Injuries with a Site-specific Safety Plan

Construction and building sites are bustling, active locations. They can be exciting and energizing places for individuals in the construction and building trade—but they can also be dangerous places for unskilled workers. It’s important that individuals in the construction trade understand how to keep themselves and others safe on site while minimizing their risk of injuries.


Follow the Construction Site Safety Plan

A site-specific safety plan is a document that outlines how a general contractor will manage the risks, health and safety requirements at a specific construction or building project. It helps set expectations for everyone working on the construction site. The construction site safety plan is written for all employees at the jobsite so they are aware of hazards and ways they can prevent injuries.


Wear Protective Gear

Safety plans include wearing protective gear, such as hard hats, steel-toe boots, gloves, long sleeves and safety goggles. Some workers use ear protection to help shield  high-pitched noises produced by tools and equipment. Respiratory protection safeguards workers who may be working around dust, paint or chemical fumes.

Protective gear is often designed to keep workers safe from debris that may fall from overhead or liquids on the ground that could lead to slips and falls. Some workers may need to complete tasks high off the ground. As a result, they might rely on protection such as harnesses or nets that serve as an extra layer of security.


Safety meeting topics discussion between several workers

Attend Safety Meetings and Trainings

Joining safety meetings is one of the best ways to prevent construction jobsite injuries. Safety meetings often occur daily before workers begin their tasks. The project manager may remind workers about safety protocols, make announcements or demonstrate how to use a tool or piece of equipment. Frequent meetings keep safety information fresh and relevant—and workers may be more cautious after they attend a meeting.

Similarly, trainings keep construction and building workers up to date with new methods, tools and industry knowledge. They teach workers how to recognize and minimize jobsite hazards.


Helmets and vests in the construction site safety plan

Take Advantage of Technology

Technology can make it easier to communicate on construction sites. Hand-held radios allow workers to talk about plans and safety from a far distance or in noisy environments. Some construction site planners and contractors use unmanned aerial vehicles, known as drones, to safely inspect sites and conduct audits.

Smartphones and tablets can give workers access to project data and safety protocols. By using a variety of devices, construction site workers can quickly and safely communicate and call for help if an injury occurs.

Are you interested in learning more about the Construction and Building Skills program at Apex? Explore our program to find out more about our classes.



Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

A student wearing protective gear practices MIG welding

MIG Welding and Other Common Welding Types

Welding is a process that joins metals by applying heat and pressure. The earliest known examples of welding come from the Bronze Age during the Middle Ages. For thousands of years, welders have transformed base materials into new items or have used their craft to repair old or broken items. Individuals in the welding trade improve their skills with hands-on learning and dedication to the  process of welding.

There are four main types of welding and a variety of uses. With attention to detail and passion for the trade, students can gain the skills and knowledge to enter this exciting industry. How much do you know about the different welding processes? Keep reading to learn how weld operators perform four types of welding.

Apex students learn hands-on arc welding in the shopMIG – Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)

MIG welding is a type of arc welding that uses a continuous wire called an electrode. The electrode passes through the welding gun, enters the weld pool and joins two objects together. The welding operator also uses shielding gas that travels through the welding gun and protects against contamination.

MIG welding is one of the most common type of welding. It can be used in the automotive industry for repairing vehicle exhausts, as well as in the construction industry to create homes and buildings. Some advantages of MIG welding include:

  • Higher electrode efficiency
  • Minimal cleanup required
  • Lower heat inputs
  • Reduced welding fumes

TIG – Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)

Like MIG welding, TIG welding also uses an electric arc. Welders use an electrode made of tungsten, one of the toughest metal materials found in nature. Tungsten does not dissolve or burn off. Welding can be done with the use of a filler metal or without a filler metal (this process is called fusion).

TIG welding also requires an external gas supply, such as argon or helium. Some advantages of TIG welding include:

  • Ability to weld thin materials
  • Clean, spatter-free welds
  • High degree of purity

A trade student learns a variety of welding types and usesStick – Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)

Weld operators use shielded metal arc welding, also called stick welding, for repairs and production. The type of welding uses a consumable and protected electrode, or stick. The stick softens and combines metals by heating them with an arc between a covered metal electrode and the base metal work piece. As the stick melts, its protective cover also melts and shields the weld area from oxygen and other gases that may be in the air.

Stick welding is portable and can be used in many different kinds of environments. Shielded metal arc welding is used in:

  • Construction
  • Maintenance and repair
  • Underwater pipelines
  • Industrial fabrication

Flux-cored – Flux-cored Arc Welding (FCAW)

Flux-cored arc welding is similar to MIG welding because both use equipment, continuous wire and power supplies. Like MIG welding, this type of arc welding can use a shielding gas. However, some weld operators choose not to use a shielding gas with flux-cored welding.

Weld operators unite a continuous electrode with a base metal. The electrode is a hollow tube filled with flux that is fed through the weld gun and into the weld pool. A flux shield offers protection against the wind when operators are welding outdoors. Some benefits can include:

  • High productivity
  • Excellent weld appearance
  • Ideal for welding ferrous metals

Interested in Learning the Welding Trade?

Think welding could be a good fit for you? Take your interest to the next level by learning more about our Combination Welding Technology program at Apex Technical School. Explore the classes we offer or contact us with your questions today.



Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


A person learns how to write a professional email

How to Write a Professional Email in Trade School

Do you need to know how to write a professional email when you go to trade school? Most of us have written a casual email to friends, family or someone we know well. But when it comes to writing an email to your boss, instructor or someone you don’t know, you may choose to write a formal email.

Professional writing skills can benefit you in trade school and beyond. Follow the tips below to learn about the parts of a formal email and how to write one yourself.

Professional Email Format

Formal emails show respect and usually look different than casual emails. While a casual email may resemble a quick text message with a care-free tone, a formal email often contain several professional elements:

  • Subject line
  • Greeting (e.g. “Dear Mr. Smith” or “To Whom It May Concern”)
  • Your message
  • Closing (e.g. “I look forward to speaking with you.”)
  • Signature

A subject line summarizes the goal of your message. Your message can be a few sentences or multiple paragraphs. It depends on what you want to say. It’s important to use your signature to identify your full name and other relevant information, such as your phone number and where you work or attend school. Contact information in your signature lets the reader know who you are and how to contact you offline.  For example:



Brian Jones

Assistant Mechanic

A&B Auto Repair Shop



Steps for Writing a Professional Email

A professional email signals to the recipient that you value them and their time. It’s a good idea to write a formal email in the workplace or school environment. Professional writing only take a little more time, and it can help create mutual respect between you and the person who receives your email. Follow these five steps to learn how to write a professional email.

    1. Identify your goal.

Think about why you are writing this email. Do you want to ask about job openings? Are you submitting homework or questions to your instructor? Need help with distance learning? Consider what you want to ask the recipient to do for you or information you want to make the recipient aware of.

    1. Think about your audience.

If you write to someone you have never met, use a polished tone and refrain from jokes or emojis. However, if you need to email another student in your class, you might want to use a friendly tone.

    1. Write your message.

Be sure to include relevant information and keep your message brief. Politely and professionally let the recipient know what you need, why you need it and when you would like to receive their response. Short, simple sentences help keep your email to the point and easy to read.

    1. Proofread before you send.

Always read your emails before sending them. You may realize you made a mistake or left out important information. Double check your spelling, especially the recipient’s first and last name. Make sure you haven’t forgotten to attach important documents or links.

    1. Follow up.

About 269 billion emails were sent and received each day in 2017. That number is expected to grow to 320 billion daily emails by 2021, according to Statista. Some people may receive hundreds of emails a day. If you don’t get a timely response, send a friendly follow-up email. They could have simply missed your email or forgot to respond.

Are you interested in learning hands-on skills in a trade you’re passionate about? Use these email writing tips to contact us today and find out more about Apex Technical School.



Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


A trade school student is transitioning to online learning at home

Successful Online Learning Strategies for Students in a Virtual Classroom

Online trade school classes require students to log in to a virtual classroom away from others, usually at home or another location off campus. Virtual classrooms appear in a video conference setting and allow students to attend class online from their computers. As you transition to online learning, you may be wondering what to expect or if you are doing it right. Here are a few tips for online learning success.

Get Dressed

You may be distance learning from the comfort of your home. However, it is still important to maintain a routine as if you were physically going to school. Put your best foot forward before you log in to your online classroom. Brush your teeth, comb your hair and get dressed. You don’t need to dress to impress—but a clean shirt signals to your classmates and instructors that you are ready to learn.

Position Your Camera

Once you log in to your virtual classroom, make sure your camera is positioned properly. Do you need to move your chair closer to your computer? Can instructors and peers see your face? Is there a smudge on your camera lens? Quickly address any issues to ensure you can comfortably and clearly look into the camera at eye level.

Mute Your Microphone

Background noise is distracting to others in an online classroom. Your environment may seem quiet to you, but an unexpected garbage truck on the street or rustling papers close to your microphone can create noisy interruptions. Be sure to mute your microphone to eliminate sudden sounds. Looking for more tips for online learning success? Learn how to study at home.

Limit Distractions

Like noisy interruptions, distractions take your mind off learning—and it can be difficult to regain focus. Remove possible distractions by planning ahead. If you know your child watches a TV show at 10 AM, sit in another room. Close windows that would allow noise from neighbors or nearby streets to disrupt you. Leave your phone in another room while you attend online trade school classes.

Avoid Multi-Tasking

A successful online learning strategy includes focusing your mind on the topic your instructor is teaching. Don’t try to accomplish too many tasks at once. Some students like to take notes during class—this is a good idea because it helps your brain remember new information, and it keeps you focused during class. However, prevent yourself from answering texts, writing emails or browsing social media. These tasks and activities can wait until after class.

Prepare Your Materials in Advance

As you continue transitioning to online learning, you may have the opportunity to share comments or ask questions during online class. Make sure you are prepared in advance. Keep your notes nearby and jot down any questions you have for your instructor. Every successful online learning strategy includes preparation and focus. By following these tips for online learning success, you can put your best foot forward in your online trade school classes.



Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


A trade student learns ways to study at home

5 Ways to Study at Home: Tips for Distance Learning

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused school closures around the world. Some schools, like Apex Technical School, are temporarily incorporating distance learning into their curriculums. Distance learning means classes are conducted through the internet, often at the student’s home. This style of learning is new for some trade school students. Here is a list of online class study tips to help you make the most of distance learning.

Make a Routine

Unlike attending a physical classroom, distance learners are taught outside of the school environment. Like many distance learners, you may review school materials at home or in another comfortable location. Wherever your distance learning takes place, you will want to build a routine.  Routines help students stay on track by creating structure in their day. Once you find a routine that fits, you will feel confident and motivated to accomplish your goals.

Accomplish Your Daily Goals

Keep track of your to-do list. Do you have to answer a series of questions about electrical safety or read about the main types of welding? Writing down your goals helps you hit deadlines and can ensure you have the knowledge you need to take on the next assignment. Consider using a calendar to create daily or weekly lists.

Create a Study Space

Distance learning requires you to be a student outside of the trade school environment. When you are at home, how will you transition from a parent, spouse or roommate into a student who needs to focus? Create a study space to help focus your mind. Your study space could be in a quiet room, like a bedroom or home office, where you can close the door and be a trade student.

If you don’t have an extra room in your home, your study space could also be a quiet corner with a table and chair. Study spaces are important because they signal to your brain that it’s time to focus. Learn how to limit distractions and get other online study tips on our blog.

Take Breaks

A study space can motivate you to check off goals from your to-do list. You may feel motivated by your accomplishments and want to maintain a steady pace with your learning. However, it’s important to remember to take breaks throughout the day. A short, five to 10-minute break every hour gives your brain a chance to process new information.

Ask for Help

Distance learning outside of the classroom or shop doesn’t mean you are learning alone. In fact, asking questions is one of the most important ways to study at home. If you are confused about a topic or need to ask questions, reach out to your instructors.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


Front-end structural damage to a car

A Car Accident Guide: Types of Vehicle Collision Damage

After a collision or accident, a car’s doors may be crushed, the paint may be chipped, or the fender may be dented. Individuals in the auto body trades are taught that collision damage can be classified by structural and cosmetic damage. Some cars sustain a combination of both damage types. Find out how an accident affects the operation and safety of a vehicle and how to identify types of collision damage.

Anatomy of an Accident

Auto safety and car accident repairs have evolved in recent decades. Modern cars are designed with a crumple zone, or crush zone. Auto engineers construct special parts inside the car that are designed to be damaged, crushed and broken during an accident. A strong frame encloses the occupants, while crumple zones exist in the front and rear of the car.

When an accident happens, the crumple zones absorb crash energy and redistribute it. Crumple zones help keep vehicle occupants safe and unharmed. The first car to use crumple zones to protect passengers was the 1959 Mercedes-Benz W111 Fintail.

Hidden Damage vs Cosmetic Damage on Cars

Collisions result in different types of vehicle damage. Like a scrape or bruise, some damage is visible to the eye. Other damage, like a broken bone below the skin, is hidden inside the structure of the car and requires an automotive or auto body mechanic to evaluate it. Hidden, or internal damage, can affect a vehicle’s suspension, mechanical or electrical systems.

Cosmetic damage on cars does not affect the function or structure of the vehicle. In fact, many people still safely drive cars with cosmetic damage such as scratches, dents and dings. However, it is important to repair cosmetic damage before it progresses—for example, paint scratches can turn into rust spots that disintegrate metal over time.

Structural Damage to a Car

Collisions can harm a vehicle’s structure, or frame. Examples of structural damage include frontal damage and rear damage. In frontal damage, car hoods buckle to absorb impact, prevent windshield damage and protect the driver and front-seat passenger. Rear damage also relies on a crumple zone at the vehicle’s bumper to keep the oncoming vehicle from harming the fuel tank, trunk and backseat passengers.

An individual in the auto body trade can examine damaged vehicles for cosmetic and structural damage, while an automotive repair technician can evaluate hidden mechanical damage and determine how to make improvements. Some collision damage might be irreparable—in these cases, the owner may need to purchase a new vehicle instead of relying on car accident repairs.



Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

 Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


Individual in a yellow vest and helmet uses a walkie talkie for worksite communication

Effective Communication Skills for Worksites

Communication is an essential skill, no matter your trade, role or responsibility. Good communication helps you and your team work smoothly together. Poor communication at work, on the other hand, may result in wasted time and resources, injuries or stress. While it is essential to learn hands-on skills in trade school, it is equally important to learn effective communication skills. Here are four ways to decrease communication issues, strengthen your listening skills and improve how you communicate on a worksite.

Establish a Chain of Command

A clear chain of command at a worksite eliminates confusion. When you know who is in charge, or who specializes in certain tools and knowledge, you can find answers to questions and concerns quickly and efficiently. A chain of command relies on employees knowing the jobsite hierarchy, which may include:

  • Site managers or supervisors
  • Contractors
  • Architects
  • Construction workers and builders
  • Engineers
  • Electricians
  • And many more

Speak in Clear, Simple Terms

Some worksites have loud machinery, noisy tools or simply many workers communicating at once. For these reasons and more, it’s important to try to speak clearly. For clearer speech, stand taller, slow down, project your voice and place emphasis on important words. A good rule of thumb in loud environments? Watch others’ body language to evaluate if they understand what you’re saying or if they need you to simplify or repeat your message.

Develop Listening Skills in Trade School

Being a good listener is just as important as speaking clearly. However, active listening requires more than just staying silent and letting others talk! Be sure to maintain eye contact so others know you acknowledge what they have to say. Verbally confirm you understand and ask questions if you are unsure if you heard their request or directive correctly.

Trade school can help students become active listeners before they set foot on a worksite. Participating in the classroom and practicing teamwork in the shop are two ways trade school students exercise active listening skills and prepare to be successful communicators in future roles.

Learn to Communicate Verbally and Non-verbally

In addition to speaking, there are several other ways to communicate on a worksite. Emails, texting, facial expressions and hand signals are all common forms of communication in workspaces and at jobsites—whether you’re in the construction, automotive, electrical, plumbing, HVAC or welding trade. Maybe you like to use voice-to-text while you are walking or driving to your worksite, hand signals instead of shouting over noisy tools, and an alarm function on a walkie talkie if you encounter a problem. Find out how you and your team work best together by using strong verbal and non-verbal worksite communication.



Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


A notepad with the words interview questions and a pencil on a desk

Preparing for an Interview? Here are 5 Common Interview Questions

Every interview is different, but there are a few things to keep in mind. You should take a copy of your resume and be prepared to answer questions about your education, skills or job history. While the interviewer may ask different questions depending on the position, company and role you’re applying for, some questions are more popular than others. It’s a good idea to know common interview questions—and practice your answers so you feel prepared and confident during your interview.

What are your strengths?

When you interview for a position, the interviewer may ask what makes you a strong choice. Pick one or two of your personal strengths relevant to the position. For example, you may interview for a construction position that requires the ideal candidate to have hands-on skills in construction but also be open to learning related skills in electrical, plumbing or carpentry.

If you are a curious person with a problem-solving mindset, you can talk about how this is a strength you can bring to this role. To further illustrate your strengths, tell a story about how you used your curiosity and problem-solving skills in a previous role, at school or in another setting where you excelled.

Why do you want this job?

Businesses want to interview and hire people who are passionate about the position. If you applied for a role, it’s likely you’re interested in it! Be direct with the person interviewing you—let them know why the job excites you. Identify two to three reasons you believe you are a good fit, such as, “I love working on cars,” and “I’m a strong team player who enjoys collaborating with others in the automotive garage.”

Explain to the interviewer why you want a job at their company.

Tell me about a conflict you’ve faced. How did you deal with it?

We all face challenges from time to time. While you may not want to discuss something negative in your interview, consider how your answer can showcase you in a positive way. Be honest about a conflict you encountered and stay professional when you tell your story.

Spend more time talking about the resolution than the conflict. Try to provide answers to the following questions: How did you resolve the conflict? What was your approach? What did you learn? How will you bring those skills to this job? Focus on explaining the solution so the person who interviews you can understand how you respond to challenges.

What type of work environment do you like?

Work environments vary from company to company and can depend on the nature of the position. Most entry-level positions in the trade industry occur in hands-on environments, such as construction sites, residential homes, automotive garages, or a combination of locations.

Work environments can be quiet, noisy, collaborative, self-paced, structured or laid back. Consider how you do your best work. Do you need quiet to focus? Do you prefer collaboration and conversation with others? If you interview for an entry-level trade position, be sure you know what works for you to be successful.

Do you have any questions for us?

At the end of the interview, you may be asked if you have any questions. It’s always a good idea to come prepared with two or three questions. This demonstrates your commitment and interest in the job position. You can ask questions about the position and the company. Or, ask the interviewer what he or she likes about working there—the answer may give you valuable insight into the company’s culture. With the right amount of preparation and practice, you can set yourself up for success.




*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


Solar panels on a house roof are a green building trend

A Guide to the Latest Eco-Friendly Home Construction Trends

Today’s homeowners have specific wants and needs. Green construction and building practices rose in popularity among homeowners and contractors over the last decade. According to the U.S. Green Building Council, eco-friendly homes are energy efficient, good for the environment and more sustainable than homes of the past. Staying up to date on the latest trends is a vital way to increase your unique value as an individual in the construction industry. Learn more about the latest eco-friendly home trends in the construction industry.

Green Building Materials

As more builders and individuals in the construction trade look for ways to reduce the environmental impact of residential homebuilding, they increasingly turn to recycled, reclaimed and sustainably sourced materials. Some homeowners appreciate green building projects that follow popular styles. Vintage, rustic and industrial design styles are widespread trends that can be achieved with reclaimed materials.

Sometimes it can be cost effective to find building materials at salvage yards and discount stores. Reclaimed wood, second-hand flooring, recycled metal and other responsibly sourced materials positively impact not only the environment but also the homeowner’s bottom line.

Energy Efficiency

Homeowners, contractors and designers increasingly look to add energy-efficient elements to their homes to save on rising energy costs and reduce harmful impacts to the environment. Some energy efficient approaches to residential home building include:

  • Solar panels
  • Energy-efficient heating and cooling systems
  • Low emissivity (Low-E) windows that block long wavelengths
  • LED lighting instead of traditional incandescent bulbs
  • Energy-Star certified appliances

According to Fixr.com, many energy efficient homes offer healthier and more comfortable living conditions, give off fewer greenhouse gas emissions, have lower energy bills and fewer issues with moisture management.

Water Conservation

Climate change continues to disrupt rainfall and water supplies worldwide. Many places, such as California, have struggled with extreme drought and disastrous wildfires since 2014. Plus, 2019 was the second-hottest year ever recorded—which means water supplies may continue to be in high demand.

Builders and individuals in the construction trade can consider ways to help homeowners reduce their water consumption at home, such as using smart meters for water control, installing low-pressure toilets, and opting for tankless water heaters that heat only the water you need.

Other eco-friendly options for water conservation at home include:

  • Installing low-flow showerheads and toilets
  • Designing stormwater management strategies
  • Installing green roofs
  • Planting native and adapted vegetation in place of lawns or ornamentals

Indoor Air Quality

Advances in ventilation technology can improve the air quality inside residential homes. Better air quality can mean fewer pollutants, allergens, dust and cases of asthma, as well as cost savings over time. According to Build-Review.com, airtight insulation and efficient HVAC systems can reduce electricity expenditures and ensure the health of homeowners.

As an individual who is interested in the construction and building trade, it’s a good idea to learn about the types of HVAC systems and their long-term benefits for homeowners who want cleaner air, no odors and fewer air leaks in their living spaces. To learn more about the construction trade, explore the construction and building skills program at Apex.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

 Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


A student works on the plumbing construction of a large pipe

Questions About Hands-on Training for a Plumbing Career

For centuries, plumbers have made modern life cleaner and more comfortable. Plumbing is one system that residential homes and commercial businesses cannot do without. Without plumbing, we would have no hot water, air conditioners, swimming pools, or flushing toilets. However, most people don’t think about their plumbing until a problem occurs and they must rely on a plumber. If you’re interested in this important trade, keep reading to get answers to some commonly asked plumbing questions.

    1. What do plumbers do?

Plumbers install, repair or replace pipes and fixtures that carry water and gas, as well as waste away from homes and businesses. Plumbers work with not only toilets, bathtubs, showers and sinks but also the piping behind the walls that ensure all appliances function.

A plumber is trained in fixtures and faucets, fittings, valves and more. Plumbers also know about the history of the trade, including concepts of plumbing and basic safety.

    1. What skills do I need to learn how to become a plumber?

If you’re interested in plumbing, you’re probably also wondering what it takes to succeed in the field. Plumbing may be a good fit for your if you identify with the following:

      • Good communication skills
      • Problem-solving skills
      • Time management skills
      • Likes to work alone or with others
      • Knowledge of safety rules

Plumbers can work alone or for a contractor or business. Many are able to drive to jobsites, bring the tools they need to complete the job, and may interact with homeowners or business owners to explain repairs or installations.

Related: Plumbing and Pipefitting vs. Electrical [Infographic]

    1. Where do plumbers work?

 Plumbers can work on jobsites in a variety of industries, including but not limited to construction; maintenance departments at schools, businesses or government buildings; and residential, commercial, or industrial sites.

Many plumbers who work in the residential sector spend time in private homes installing and maintaining water tanks, hot water systems, waste disposal systems, and environmentally friendly plumbing fixtures. No matter where a plumber works, he or she must follow plumbing rules and regulations that help keep jobsites and people safe, including wearing safety gear.

Want to find out about a day in the life of a plumbing student? Learn more on our blog.

    1. Is plumbing hard?

Some students might feel apprehensive when they are taught something new. When it comes to plumbing, training offers plenty of opportunity for understanding through hands-on learning. Hands-on training at Apex helps many students practice foundational knowledge and skills and prepares them to pursue an entry-level position in the field.

If you’re still wondering if it’s the path for you, here are three signs plumbing might be a good fit.



Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


The word tips spelled out with wooden block letters next to glowing lightbulb

Trade School Tips: How to Be Successful in School

Continuing your education after high school is an important decision. If you’re thinking about taking your next step by going to trade school, you probably feel excited and may be overwhelmed. You may be worried about how to find the right program for you or how financial aid works. Don’t worry—take a deep breath! We can help answer your questions on making the transition from high school to trade school.

Practice Your Communication Skills

High school helps students practice communication skills by learning to write essays and give presentations. Many students interested in trade school look forward to a learning that incorporates hands-on training. So how will your communication skills help you when it comes to trade school?

You can use your communication skills to practice writing professional emails. For example, if you want to learn more about Apex Technical School, your communication skills can help you contact us to ask questions or schedule a tour of our campus. Once you arrive at Apex, you can use your communication skills to talk to our admissions team about your objectives and figure out what program best fits your interests.

As a high school student interested in pursuing trade school, you already have this important skill to help you make the decision that fits your goals—the next step is to act on it.

Take Initiative

Acting on your goals means taking initiative. Going to trade school after high school provides opportunities for you to take initiative with hands-on learning. It gives students the chance to try out tools and techniques in addition to simply reading about them in books.

Skills and attributes that often go together with taking initiative include:

  1. Leadership
  2. Confidence to try something new
  3. Being open to learning
  4. Being proactive

Taking initiative helps you take charge of your passion and your future.

Ask for Help

As a high school student, you probably asked for help many times. Whether you needed help solving a math problem, attempting a science experiment or understanding a concept in history class, you could simply raise your hand for help.

Asking for help isn’t a sign of weakness. It shows instructors, staff and other students that you’re willing to find an answer or solve a problem. We all have limitations when it comes to our knowledge and skills. Plus, everyone in trade school is there to learn new things they never knew before.

You may discover that asking for help could relieve anxiety or stress you might feel. For example, if you are unsure how to use a new construction tool in the shop, asking an instructor to demonstrate the tool for you can give you the confidence you need to complete the task at hand and be proud of the result.

Interested in learning more about classes at Apex? Contact us to get answers to your questions.




*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

Gasoline pumps for three octane fuel types at a gas station

5 Auto Repair Questions and Answers

At Apex Technical School, students interested in automotive repair typically come to campus with many questions. They are passionate about the trade and want to learn more, such as “How often do I have to change my oil?” and “Do I really need to read the owner’s manual?” Here are some common questions our students ask and are taught in auto repair classes.

Why do I need to read the manufacturer’s manual?

The manufacturer’s manual should always be in a car—typically, drivers store their manual in the glove compartment where they can easily reach it. This book holds instructions needed to operate the vehicle safely. Some of the most important topics covered in the owner’s manual include:

  • How and where to check fluids to obtain accurate readings
  • How to troubleshoot problems, such as changing a flat tire
  • How to set up technology, such as keyless entry or a sound system
  • How to reach ideal tire pressure with step-by-step instructions
  • How to understand warning lights on the dash

Combined with hands-on skills, knowledge of the owner’s manual helps individuals in the auto repair trade extend the life of a vehicle.

What are the different car oil types and how are they used?

Students in auto repair training are taught the different types of motor oils and how often they should be changed in a vehicle. There are four general motor oil types:

  1. Full synthetic motor oil – Ideal for vehicles that demand peak-level performance and high levels of lubrication
  2. Synthetic blend motor oil – A mixture of synthetic and conventional base oils, plus some additives for resistance to oxidation and low-temperature properties
  3. Conventional motor oil – Ideal for light-duty, late-model cars with low to average mileage and a simple engine design
  4. High-mileage motor oil – Designed for older cars with more than 75,000 miles to help reduce oil consumption, minimize oil seepage and reduce emissions

How often should I change my oil?

According to Consumer Reports, follow the owner’s manual to adhere to the oil change schedule recommended for specific cars. Modern advances in engines and oil have made the old rule of “every 3,000 miles or every three months” obsolete.

Now, many automakers have oil change intervals at 7,500 or even 10,000 miles and six or 12 months for time. Change motor oil at least once or twice a year—even if you or the driver don’t drive often. Oil must be kept fresh or it may result in shorter engine life.

What are the different types of driving?

Road conditions differ depending on where you are driving. Rural, city and highway driving have distinct features and can uniquely affect the wear and tear on a vehicle.

Highway driving:

  • Higher speeds
  • More constant speeds
  • Fewer gear changes
  • Less acceleration
  • Less braking

City driving:

  • Lower speeds
  • More variable speed (traffic)
  • More gear changes
  • More acceleration
  • More braking (at intersections, traffic lights and stop signs)

Rural driving:

  • Variable speeds
  • Inconsistent traffic flow
  • Roadway obstructions (wildlife crossings, farming equipment)
  • Poor road surfaces (potholes, standing water)
  • Hidden driveways

What do octane rates in gasoline mean?

According the Exxon Mobile, octane ratings measure the fuel’s ability to resist engine knocking. Higher octane rates indicate the fuel has more resistance to pinging, or rattling, during combustion. Located at most gas station pumps on a bright yellow sticker, octane fuel comes in three grades: 87 (regular unleaded), 89 (mid-grade) and 93 (premium).

Most vehicles use 87 octane fuel but others, such as some BMW or Mercedes models, are designed to use higher octane fuel. To determine what type of octane to put in a vehicle, check the owner’s manual.

You can learn more about how to change motor oil, check brakes and more at our school in Long Island City, Queens. Explore our automotive repair program online now.




*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.


Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

A student wearing protective head gear welds with steel

Common Questions About Welding Training

Welding can be an exciting path for many people. According to Felling.com, more than 50 percent of manmade products require welding—from cars, planes and boats to mobile phones and more. If you’re considering pursuing a future in this exciting industry, you may have more questions than answers. And you’re not alone! To help you consider your next step forward, we gathered five questions and answers about the welding trade.

    1. What do welders do?

A welder is trained in cutting and joining metal parts. During the welding process, a welder heats two metal pieces and fuses them together permanently. There are four common welding types, including:

      • MIG – Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
      • TIG – Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)
      • Stick – Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)
      • Flux-cored – Flux-Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)

Each welding type requires slightly different tools and techniques. For example, some welders use hand-held equipment to join two metals parts.1


    1. What skills do I need to become a welder?

Individuals who are interested in welding often ask what they need to do to succeed in this exciting field. Welding may be a good fit for you if you identify with the following traits:

      • Attention to detail
      • Safety-minded
      • Problem-solving skills
      • Communication skills
      • Sharp eyesight
      • Steady hand

Though many welders may work on a team in a shop, most spend time working on their own. As a result, welders tend to be self-motivated, hard-working people who feel satisfaction with a job well done.

    1. Where do welders work?

Welders, cutters, solderers and brazers work across a variety of industries, including manufacturing, specialty contracting, repair and maintenance, and wholesale. Some welders work in the field of automotive welding completing structural repairs on vehicles. Welders may work outdoors in a variety of weather conditions—and some welders even work on complex projects underwater or high off the ground.

Regardless of their work location or type of welding career, welders must follow important safety measures. Working with extremely hot materials and bright lights can lead to illness or injury if welders don’t follow safety rules. Proper gear, such as gloves, masks, goggles and specialty clothing, help protect against welding burns.

Still curious? Learn more about a day in the life of a welding student.

    1. Is welding hard?

 Hands-on training and practice help countless students practice welding every year. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there are more than 100 welding processes available to welders today. That may sound like a lot at first. However, a trade school welding program can help students who want to enter the welding field build a foundation of hands-on skills and knowledge and prepare them for an entry-level position.

Welding is a good option for individuals who enjoy hands-on work. Here are three signs you should consider welding training. 

    1. Where can I find welding schools near me in Long Island City, Queens?

Now that you know more about welding, it’s time to get involved in this exciting field. Welding classes are available now at Apex Technical School in Long Island City, Queens, New York. How long is welding school? Our combination welding technology program gives students the opportunity to be taught hands-on welding skills in as little as seven months.


Use our online scheduling tool to set up a time to visit our campus, talk with instructors and view our welding shop.




1 https://www.bls.gov/ooh/production/welders-cutters-solderers-and-brazers.htm#tab-2


*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

 Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


A construction student uses a ruler to measure a wood plank

A Day in the Life of a Construction Student

Construction is an exciting career path for many beginners who want to use their hands to accomplish daily work and feel proud of the outcome. New construction, remodeling and renovations require skilled tradesmen and women with technical knowledge and hands-on experience. Classes focused on teaching entry-level construction, carpentry and building skills give students the opportunity to learn techniques that can be used in a variety of construction projects.

Before many students enroll in construction classes, they like to imagine what their day at trade school might be like. What will they learn? How will they spend their time? What will their instructors and peers be like? Keep reading to get ideas on these and other questions.

Learn Construction Safety and Tool Use

Students in Apex’s 900-hour construction and building skills program begin learning construction in the classroom with instructors who are eager to help students expand their interest and skills. When students walk into school, they can join their peers and prepare to be taught a combination of carpentry, electrical, plumbing, kitchen and bath remodeling.

Students learn basic theories about the trade as well as how to use equipment and follow safety procedures. In classes, students are taught safety protocols for the construction career path, including how to:

  • Wear protective clothing (e.g. gloves, boots, goggles, long sleeves)
  • Disconnect power sources when not using tools
  • Be aware of tripping hazards
  • Keep a clean, organized workspace
  • Reduce distractions

In addition to safety practices, students are taught how to use tools of the trade. It’s important to not only have the right tools in your toolbox but also the skills and knowledge to use them correctly. Students get hands-on practice with hand and power tools in the shop and can ask instructors questions when they are introduced to new tools.

Carpentry Skills and Electrical

The construction and building skills program teaches six exciting segments. Students attend carpentry classes where they get a general introduction to the construction trade. As they progress, students are taught framing for floors, walls, ceilings, windows, doors and roofs. Students also attend electrical classes where they get a basic introduction to the National Electric Code. They also learn about conductors, circuit breakers and electrical blueprints.

Plumbing and Kitchen and Bath Remodeling

Classes for aspiring builders include segments on plumbing, as well as kitchen and bath remodeling. Some topics may require students to open a book or take notes while other topics may require students to work alongside instructors and peers in the shop on projects such as drain waste vent (DWV) systems in plumbing classes and light fixtures and counter installation in remodeling classes.

Are you ready to learn more about Apex’s construction and building skills program? Schedule a tour online to visit our school, tour our classrooms and ask questions.




*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the New York State Education Department. 

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


A person holding a clipboard and checking under the hood of a car

What Skills Do I Need to Be a Mechanic?

The average car is made up of 30,000 parts. That number may come as a surprise for some, but for students with a passion for cars, it’s what they enjoy seeing when they open the hood of a vehicle or slide under a car in auto repair class.

Automotive repair classes give students a chance to learn about automotive theory, expand their automotive skills, and roll up their sleeves for hands-on work. Keep reading to find out more about the mechanical skills and techniques Apex students are taught in auto repair classes.


Perform Basic Car Care and Maintenance 

Some students may already know a little about the history of cars, but automotive repair classes at Apex offer students the chance to learn entry-level  knowledge and build upon it in our hands-on shop classes. Instructors teach basic theories to help students understand the engine, drive-train and other support systems.

Additionally, students are taught basic car care and maintenance techniques, such as how to read an owner’s manual, check oil and oil filters, check tires, inspect fluids, examine belts and hoses, inspect and install wiper blades, and test a vehicle’s battery.


Fix the Inner Parts of a Vehicle

Students disassemble inner parts of a vehicle to understand how pieces work together and contribute to the inner workings of an internal combustion engine and an electronic automatic transmission. Students are taught how to use hand tools to assemble and disassemble parts.

Students and instructors often discuss common engine failures and why they might occur. In addition, students learn about a car’s computer software, battery, rear axles, differentials, drive shafts, torque converters, and how fluid flows through a transmission.


Understand and Test Major Components

Learning about automotive electrical theory helps prepare students to understand and test major components inside a vehicle. While working on engines and diagnosing issues, students use knowledge about electrical energy and how it works in the electrical circuits of the car. Instructors show students how to use a digital multimeter to read voltage, resistance and amps.

Cars must have brakes that operate safely. Students are taught about how braking systems work as well as how to use tools to remove brake pads and repair brake lines.

Ready to put your passion into motion? Gain automotive skills to jumpstart an entry-level position in this exciting field. Use our online scheduler to set up a tour at Apex where you can ask questions about our auto repair training program and visit our classrooms and auto shop.




*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

 Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


An air conditioning and refrigeration student learns hands-on skills from an instructor

A Day in the Life of a Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Student

Tradesmen and women in the HVAC industry work on heating, cooling and ventilation systems day in and day out. Typically, people who pursue the heating and cooling trade enjoy learning how things work. They may have a natural passion for troubleshooting and feel a sense of achievement for a job well done.

Many beginners wonder if the field is a good fit. They also wonder what a typical day is like in trade school for HVAC students. At Apex, students can expect to be taught skills and training for an entry-level position. Here are a few more things you can expect when you’re an HVAC student.

HVAC Students Study the Basics

An average day for an HVAC student begins with basic skills and theories. Students start with electrical concepts and theories used in the industry. Lessons cover a range of subjects, such as:

  • Voltage circuits controls
  • Wiring diagrams
  • Residential and commercial units

As students learn, they build upon their technical skills and knowledge. In addition to basic electricity, students are taught the fundamentals of refrigeration. Refrigerant is used in many types of cooling and heating units to help transfer heat. Students are taught about refrigerant as well as:

  • Temperature (Celsius and Fahrenheit)
  • Humidity
  • Heat flow and heat transfer
  • Pressure and refrigeration cycle

Students spend time in both the classroom and a shop setting.

Learn to Evaluate Work Sites

Refrigeration and cooling students at Apex Technical School spend time in the shop where they are taught a wide variety of safety measures and industry practices. Students are taught about the shop environment, equipment and basic skills required of HVAC technicians to service refrigerators, freezers and air conditioners.

Students learn about safety rules and dangers to watch out for, including:

  • Electrical risks
  • Chemical hazards
  • Equipment temperature
  • Slippery surfaces
  • Proper tool use

Avoiding accidents is necessary to keep yourself and others safe and unharmed in the work environment.

Work on Residential and Commercial Appliances

Refrigerators, freezers and air conditioners are widely used in areas such as residential homes, office buildings, schools, restaurants and other commercial establishments. Students in HVAC school are taught how to apply electrical and refrigeration theory by working hands-on with appliances in the shop. Instructors help students use tools and diagrams necessary for some hands-on installations and repairs.

Students also spend a portion of their day working next to other students. This helps reinforce a teamwork mindset and provides opportunity for collaboration and peer support. Knowing how to work independently and with others is often a sign of a productive, dedicated tradesperson—and many entry-level employers seek out employees who can work collaboratively.

Discover more about the air conditioning and refrigeration program when you schedule a tour online.


Want to learn more about electrical? Explore the Electrical program at Apex.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the New York State Education Department. 

 Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


Three colorful sticky notes with tips for coping with school stress

Tips for Stress Management in Trade School

Everyone feels stressed from time to time. Stress shows up differently in different people—and for different reasons. Some people lose focus when they take a test, while others get shaky hands when they speak to a large group of people.

So, what is stress? How does it affect your health? What can you do to manage stress while you’re in trade school? Keep reading to learn how to recognize symptoms and manage stress.

Signs and Symptoms of Stress

Stress affects your physical and emotional health, as well as how you think and behave. A little stress every now and then is OK.

However, when stress lasts for weeks or months, it can cause high blood pressure or anxiety. It’s important to recognize stress so you can manage it. If left unchecked, stress can negatively impact your education, health and goals. Some symptoms of stress include:

  • Low energy
  • Headaches
  • Upset stomach
  • Tense muscles
  • Insomnia

Stress affects people on an emotional level, too. You may feel frustrated and overwhelmed, or you could feel lonely and depressed.

Some Causes of Stress

Pursuing your technical education at trade school is an important decision. Students are excited to learn hands-on skills for an entry-level position. The journey to reaching your goals may include some stressful road bumps along the way, but if you can identify them early you can find mechanisms to help cope with stress. Some things that can cause stress in life, include:

  • Deadlines
  • Poor time management
  • Difficulties with personal relationships (e.g. splitting up)
  • Balancing work, family and school

Coping with Stress

If you’re feeling stressed on your way to school, in class or even at home, try a few simple tips to relieve the tension. Give yourself a break, text a friend, eat a snack or take deep breaths to clear your head. Try to incorporate the following habits into your routine:

  • Stay organized
  • Practice good time management
  • Create a good workspace at home
  • Develop better sleep habits
  • Exercise regularly
  • Talk to someone you trust

Finally, if you’re feeling stressed, remember to look at the bigger picture. You’re pursuing a trade and taking the next step for yourself—that’s exciting! You can use this knowledge to motivate you and keep you moving forward in the classroom, the shop and in life outside the school’s walls.


*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


Hands-on auto repair students stand under a car and learn to replace parts

A Day in the Life of a Student at Auto Repair School

What do students do at auto repair school? What can you expect to be taught from instructors? If you’re asking these questions, you may want to take a closer look at an average day in automotive repair class. Students who study the automotive repair trade often have a passion for cars. They bring that passion with them each day they enter the school.

Students pursuing mechanic training at Apex split their time between the classroom and auto shop where they get hands-on experience to use in an entry-level position. Check out three ways auto repair students make the most of an average day at Apex.


Acquire Knowledge of Auto Repair Tools

Learning starts with gaining knowledge of important tools. Mechanic students are taught about automotive tools and how tradespeople use them on the job. Apex students practice with tools throughout training. Tools include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Combination wrenches
  • Ratchet wrench and set of sockets
  • Digital multimeter
  • Allen wrenches
  • Punches
  • Window sticker scrapers
  • Torx set
  • Regular and Phillips screwdrivers
  • Pliers


Roll Up Your Sleeves in the Automotive Shop

Instructors teach students how to use tools by giving them the chance to use them hands-on in the shop. As a student in the program, you practice hands-on auto repair techniques such as changing oil, testing major components when a vehicle breaks down, and working on engines, transmissions and brakes. When students put their passion to work in the shop, they learn to work with peers and help vehicles operate safely.


Learn Automotive Safety

Working on vehicles can be fun, exciting and fulfilling. However, mechanic students training in automotive repair classes also devote time to safety precautions. Proper techniques, rules and gear are designed to keep everyone safe. Students learn to:

  • Keep work areas clean and organized
  • Put tools away in work cabinets or toolboxes
  • Ensure walkways stay clear
  • Wear well-fitting clothing
  • Wear goggles and gloves when making certain repairs
  • Keep fire extinguishers nearby for emergencies

As soon as they start training in the shop, students learn to prioritize their well-being and the safety of others. At Apex, our students and instructors enjoy establishing guidelines, rules and safety measures that promote learning.

Does automotive repair school sound like a good fit? Go online to schedule a tour to visit the school, get more information and see our auto repair shops.


*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the New York State Education Department. 

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

Block letters spell the word "learn" below a lightbulb

3 Important Life Lessons to Learn in Trade School

Trade school gives students practical, hands-on learning opportunities, such as how to use tools and how to work in a shop with peers. Many students don’t realize they can use trade school lessons in life outside the school’s walls. How can trade school offer valuable life experience? Check out these life lessons you may learn in trade school.

  1. Expand Your Skills and Knowledge

  2. A technical school education is an opportunity to expand your skills and knowledge. Classes are often designed to offer industry information, theories, trade history and skills for entry-level employment. Students’ commitment to trade school demonstrates the willingness to welcome new information and work through questions to find answers. When you follow your passions in school, you’re learning to keep an open mind and expand your knowledge. Open-minded individuals often listen to information and figure out if it makes sense or requires another solution. This can be helpful when making decisions about various circumstances in life.


  3. Prioritize Safety

  4. Trade school gives students a chance to learn how to make their way around a shop. In the shop, students are responsible for learning techniques and skills, as well as taking safety precautions. Students are taught to use tools correctly, wear protective gear and watch out for situations that may be harmful to themselves and others.

    When safety is the expectation at school, students may learn to bring home a safety-minded attitude. A good safety attitude is the best way to protect yourself from accidents. When you respect policies and best practices, you do your part to keep yourself and others safe—whether you’re at home, at work or in a public space.

  5. Collaborate With Others

  6. As you are taught technical skills, you work shoulder to shoulder with peers. This approach encourages you to get to know and rely on each other.

    Collaboration skills not only help you learn together with peers at school but could also help you maintain patience and see another perspective. These skills are often valuable to relationships with parents, siblings, partners and children. Whether you’re helping your child learn to do his chores or installing plumbing pipes in a bathroom, you reap the benefits of collaboration.

Want to learn alongside students who are passionate about the trades? Find a program that matches your interests at Apex Technical School.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

An Apex student wearing a green shirt learns to repair a plumbing fixture in a plumber training class

Plumbing & Pipefitting Training: A Day in the Life at Apex

While a plumber may be a craftsperson who brings a toolbox to fix leaks and unclog toilets, he or she can also play an important role in the safety of residential, commercial and public spaces. Plumbing school programs help beginners kickoff this exciting career path by growing their knowledge and skills in the field.

On a given day in plumbing school, students work side by side in the classroom and shop to learn theories, skills and standards of the trade. Keep reading to learn what an average school day is like for plumbing students at Apex.

Your Plumbing Tools List

Students attending plumbing school start their education with tools. At Apex Technical School, students work with tools in their program either at the time of enrollment or as they progress in their training. The toolkit helps students learn how to use basic tools and discover which items they need to carry with them to any jobsite, including:

  • Hammers
  • Screwdrivers
  • Plumbing pliers
  • Tape measure
  • Plumbing wrench
  • Flashlight

To learn more about plumbing tools and their uses, read Common Tools for the Plumbing Trade.

Plumbing Safety

Safety is critical to a plumbing student’s education. Students learn the importance of safety in the plumbing trade. Apex plumbing students work closely with instructors who help them understand building safety codes and blueprints.

Students also wear safety protection while working in various environments. Trade school gives students in the pipefitting and plumbing program the chance to practice basic skills while wearing safety protection and following safety measures.

Fun fact: Ancient Romans were great at plumbing! Learn more about the history of the plumbing industry.

Hands-on Plumbing Training

Individuals in the plumbing trade may play a role in many commercial and residential installations. Beyond toilets and faucets, some advanced plumbers install the oxygen patients receive in operating rooms, dental chairs, decorative fountains, gas ovens in restaurant kitchens and much more.

Many students in the plumbing industry start their journey by taking hands-on courses that prepare them for entry-level work. Students who attend Apex practice in real time, in a shop setting with instructors and peers. At the end of the day, students can go home feeling a sense of accomplishment.

Want to learn more about plumber training at Apex? Visit our campus to meet staff, tour classrooms and shops and ask questions.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the New York State Education Department. 


Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


An individual wearing sneakers stands on a blue floor with white arrows pointing in all directions

Why Go to Trade School?

Figuring out your future isn’t easy. If you’re considering trade school, it’s important to understand what a technical education offers. Trade schools provide the benefits of a specialized  education and can be a faster route to entering the workforce. The trade school environment can be an enjoyable experience for students who like to learn hands-on. To help you determine a path that’s right for you, let’s explore the advantages of trade school.

  1. Time

  2. Trade school focuses on the essentials—including theories, basic skills and industry skills. Students who are looking for a direct route to a technical education should consider a trade school. On the other hand, two-year degree-granting community colleges and four-year universities can be a longer commitment and may require students take unrelated elective courses—for example, history or English.

    Two- and four-year colleges may not be a good fit for students looking for a direct route to practical training. Depending on your program, lifestyle, schedule and other factors, you could finish trade school in as little as seven months.


  3. Smaller Classes

  4. Small classes can be a benefit of trade school. Classes are smaller than classes held in large lecture halls at a college or university. The close-knit environment at trade school helps you get to know instructors who teach theories and guide hands-on learning. Additionally, trade students in small classes get to know each other, learn new ways of problem solving and establish a strong support network. Some students keep in touch with their peers after completing their program as they pursue an entry-level position in their chosen industry.


  5. Hands-on Learning

  6. Everyone learns differently. Some students are auditory learners, meaning they learn new information best by hearing it. Others are kinesthetic learners who thrive by learning hands-on. These learners prefer to try a task for themselves to fully understand and remember it. Both styles are available to students who enroll in a trade school program. Are you a hands-on learner who is excited to get out of the classroom, practice in the shop and start entry-level work after training? If so, trade school may be a good fit for you.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

An electrical instructor shows a student how to take electrical measurements in shop class

A Day in the Life at Electrical School

Electrical programs help beginners in the electrical trade learn the basics for a fulfilling path in an exciting industry. From learning how to install a switch or an outlet, to finding a loose neutral in a wiring circuit, your days in an electrical school are spent obtaining skills that can help you grow your knowledge in the electrical field.

The average time in Apex’s electrical program involves splitting your time between both theory class – where you’ll learn about electrical theory, past methods and basic fundamentals – and shop class, where you’ll get hands on experience and tips of the trade to use in an entry- level position.

Meet the Instructors

Once students enroll at Apex, they meet their day to day instructors. These individuals have experience in the electrical trade and will introduce students to the concepts and practices of the trade. Instructors take the time to support students and give them space to practice wiring, splicing, grounding and the proper use of over current protection devices.

Tools of the Electrical Trade

Day-to-day learning in an electrical school involves knowledge of industry tools and equipment. Trades people use a variety of trade tools to complete the task at hand, including, but not limited to:

  • Digital multimeter
  • Tape measure
  • Conduit bender
  • Wire stripper
  • Wire crimper
  • Screwdrivers
  • Pliers

Basic tools are required to perform installation, repairs and routine maintenance. Instructors teach students the proper use and handling of electrical tools by giving them the opportunity to practice using tools in the shop with their peers. Students will also learn which tools they should keep on hand in their toolbelt at all times on jobsites.


Discover more about the electrical program when you visit the Apex campus. Contact us online for a tour.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the New York State Education Department. 

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.


Woman with a white hard hat holds a blueprint on a construction jobsite

Why Are Skilled Trade Jobs for Women an Excellent Choice?

Women’s contributions to the U.S. labor force are vast. Traditional occupations have changed since women began entering the workforce in large numbers during World War II. As the country continues to blur the lines between gender roles at work, women thrive more than ever. However, women are still underrepresented in male-dominated trade industries.

Education is an opportunity for women to get their foot in the door and succeed in a trade they’re passionate about. What trade programs are a good match for women looking to learn a new skill or refine their knowledge? Check out seven trades for women now.

Residential Service Trades

Strong women across the country are supporting their households, whether they work outside the home, as a full-time homemaker or both. Women trade workers have the unique opportunity to connect one-on-one with women customers in the home who make financial decisions for themselves and their families. According to Bloomberg.com, women drive 70–80 percent of consumer purchasing. They influence a lot of decisions in a household and are often home at the time of repair or installation, especially in the following industries:

Plumbers may work long hours on a commercial construction site or install water heaters in a residential home. Whatever the job calls for, plumbers don’t back down from the challenge. Women looking to enter the plumbing trade learn to use tools and technologies to solve problems on the jobsite.

Heating, cooling and ventilation help keep indoor spaces comfortable. The industry also includes refrigeration systems, electrical controls and heating systems. Individuals in the HVAC trade are diligent workers with the skills to resolve problems efficiently.

Workers in the electrical field install, maintain and repair power and lighting systems in homes and businesses. The trade requires concentration, attention to detail, and adherence to best practices. Women who enjoy troubleshooting and problem solving may find fulfillment as electricians.

Automotive Trades

As more women choose an automotive education, their visibility and presence help change the industry for the better. In fact, women have been involved in the auto field for decades. Mary Anderson invented the windshield wiper in 1902 and Florence Lawrence invented the turn signal in 1914. Today, female mechanics make an impact in auto collision repair shops and automotive garages across the country.

Auto body repair workers improve the appearance of cars damaged by things like collisions, age or rust. They specialize in making cars safe to drive again, as well as fixing cosmetic flaws. With the help of computerized systems, auto body workers mix and apply fresh paint.

Automotive repair technicians help customers who need structural and mechanical maintenance on their cars. They fix the inner parts of vehicles that have broken down and perform oil changes and other basic car maintenance. Women who want an active, hands-on career path may find auto repair is a good match for them.

Building and Crafting Trades

Women who feel more suited to field work than to a desk may add unique strengths to a construction crew.  New technologies, tools and equipment mean that these trades are as detailed as they are hands-on.

Individuals in the construction trade build things with their hands. They work hard in residential, commercial or government settings to erect office buildings, homes, schools and more.

Welders use focused concentration, a steady hand and time-tested best practices to enhance, repair or create projects. This field holds potential for women who are strong team players and efficient when they work alone, too.

Why is learning a skilled trade an excellent choice for a woman? Potential entry-level employers are looking for proficient individuals with training. Learn how you can start your journey to learning a trade today by exploring programs at Apex.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

Three New York City construction workers wearing white hard hats and reflective vests

Choosing a Trade: Construction in NYC

New York City is full of incredible views, culture and opportunities. It’s difficult to image a world without America’s most iconic city. Each person who lives, works and visits New York City leaves a unique mark on the community—especially those who dedicate their skills and sweat to crafting the buildings that make up the Big Apple.

It’s true—commercial construction workers have found many reasons to pursue their trade in New York. Can you see yourself pursuing a construction future in the city that never sleeps? Here are three benefits of working in the construction trade in New York City.


    1. The city depends on your skills to grow.

New York City neighborhoods need skilled individuals to build offices, schools, roads, hospitals and skyscrapers. Construction projects bring new life to communities by creating infrastructure and economic opportunities for the people who live and work nearby. Individuals in the construction trade also contribute important skillsets that help New York City flourish as a tourist destination by helping erect museums, monuments, shopping centers and public transit facilities. Students who study the residential or commercial construction trade can help expand the development in their city.

    1. You can leave your suit and tie at home.

Do you prefer steel-toe boots to polished loafers? Do ties and stiff collars sound like an uncomfortable uniform? For many construction-minded individuals, formal clothing is unnecessary. New York City construction workers don’t iron their 9 to 5 work clothes each morning, but they do suit up for a hard day’s work. They may wear safety goggles, hard hats, protective footwear, reflective vests and other protective workwear. In New York City, safety is a priority—especially in high-traffic areas, on high-rise jobsites and around pedestrians and heavy machinery.

    1. Hands-on work is satisfying.

Construction projects in New York City—think skyscrapers, roads, bridges, restaurants and apartment buildings—need skilled individuals who enjoy working with their hands.  In the construction trade in New York, craftsmen often don’t sit at a desk in an office building all day. They work with their hands and operate equipment. There are several famous construction workers who contributed to New York’s skyline and structures.

Interested in gaining construction skills for entry-level position in New York City? Contact us to schedule a tour, view our classrooms and ask questions about the construction program.



*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the New York State Education Department. 


Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

A blue wall with a clock and calendar representing time management in trade school

How Trade School Students Find Success at School

Trade industries are powered by skilled individuals. What do those individuals have in common? Without work ethic, tradesmen and tradeswomen in fields such as construction, electrical, automotive and many others would fall short of their potential. Being proud of your work ethic starts with learning how to balance what you want to do with what you need to do.

Trade school is an ideal time to practice working hard and making the most of each day. Here are three ways you can manage your time to find success at school.

Try Proactive Learning

Trade school gives students the opportunity to learn new skills and practice them hands-on. The more hands-on practice students have, the more skills they retain over time and the stronger their critical thinking muscles become.

Time management is one way to help you be a proactive learner, or someone who is dedicated to taking initiative. Try making a to-do list that will help you balance school work along with your other responsibilities. Take advantage of each day in trade school and try the following proactive learning tips:

  • Keep an open mind
  • Ask questions and seek out information
  • Practice new techniques
  • Set aside time for studying at home

Network, Network, Network

Making connections is another way to make the most of your time in trade school. Trade school is an ideal place and time to form relationships with peers and instructors who not only help you reach your goals in school each day but also offer support when you’re pursuing entry-level employment or later in your career.

Networking may seem difficult at first. If you want to talk about a welding technique, you may need to stay after class to meet with an instructor. A small conversation now has the potential to build up your professional network later. Because you took the time to network, your instructor may be willing to speak to potential employers about your work ethic, character and passion for welding.

Learn How to Balance Your Day

When you have too much on your plate—think family responsibilities, trade school, a job, sports, hobbies and friends—learning how to balance your day is essential. Time management helps you stay on track, prevent distractions and say “yes” to the important things.

Time management isn’t just looking at your calendar and arriving to class on time. It involves learning how to make the most of each day, balancing what you need to do with what you want to do, and finetuning your work ethic along the way. Apex instructors and staff want to help you achieve your goals. Contact us today to learn more.




*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the New York State Education Department. 

 Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

A welding student wears protective gear and learns to use welding tools

A Day in the Life of a Welding School Student

Welding programs are a top choice for those thinking about going to trade school. In welding classes, students learn how to use welding tools, follow safety regulations and best practices, and gain fundamental skills for an entry-level position.

So, what is the average day like for a student in welding school? Individuals may be interested in welding school but unsure what to expect once they enroll and begin classes. Some may wonder, “Will welding be a good fit for me?”, “What do welding students learn in class?” or “Can I make welding classes work in my busy schedule?” If you’re asking these questions, keep reading to learn more about starting a welding program.

Safety First

Students at Apex choose day or evening classes. Many students need to balance school with a job, family and other responsibilities—and having options when it comes to class times helps students stay on track to meet their goals. Whether they choose day or evening classes at Apex, students learn that safety comes first, especially in the welding shop.

Putting on protective gear is one of the first things students do when they start shop for the day. Individuals in the welding trade must protect themselves from open flames, loud noises and heavy materials. This may include:

  • A welding helmet
  • Safety goggles
  • Long sleeves and pants
  • Flame-resistant welding jacket
  • Welding gloves
  • Work boots
  • Earplugs

Welding Basics

Learning the ‘why’ behind the welding trade is just as important as learning how to weld in the shop.  At Apex Technical School, students walk into the classroom and learn about gas and electric welding processes, manual and automatic cutting techniques, blueprint reading for metal layout and fabrication, including welding thin through thick metals, exotic metals, pipe welding and tube welding. Welding classes at Apex include:


  • Blueprint Reading and Fabrication
  • Oxyacetylene Welding, Cutting and Brazing
  • Basic Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)
  • Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
  • Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)
  • Advanced Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)


Welding students at Apex spend more than 50 percent of their time in the shop with instructors who share their knowledge of welding best practices.

Tools of the Welding Trade

Students pursuing the welding trade may encounter a variety of tools and equipment when they attend a technical school. Some days, students use tools they may be familiar with, such as tape measures, hammers and wrenches, while other days they must learn how to properly use stick welders, gas cylinders, welding wire and spool guns. Instructors help students hone their skills by using tools of the welding trade in the shop.

Still wondering if welding is the path for you? Contact us today to schedule a tour to visit the school and get more information about our programs.


*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the State of New York, New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.

A HVAC technician tests a thermostat for air conditioner problems

What Are Common HVAC Problems in the Summer?

Across the country, temperatures begin to heat up in May, June and July. Homeowners and commercial businesses rely on air conditioning to keep indoor spaces comfortable and cool. However, sunny days bring problems for A/C units that must work overtime all summer long. In fact, technicians who work for HVAC companies may find themselves facing a few common problems. Learn about summer air conditioner problems and how an individual in the HVAC trade solves them.

Low Air Flow

The summer sun helps grass, shrubs and vegetation flourish. While that may be good news for homeowners, it spells trouble for air conditioning units. Overgrowth around an A/C unit causes overheating and inefficient air flow. Upon inspection, air filters may be consistently dirty, especially when foliage grows on or near the unit and prevents air flow.

Low air flow and dirty filters lead to dirty coils. Homeowners should maintain their lawns and keep all overgrowth to a minimum near A/C units. HVAC technicians clean dirty coils and provide the maintenance necessary to keep an air conditioning system running effectively.

Capacitator Failure

Capacitator failure is another reason an air conditioning unit shuts down in the summer. Like a rechargeable battery, the start capacitator and the run capacitator supply energy to start the motor and keep it running. Capacitators are vulnerable to overheating—especially if the unit is running too hard, too long or short cycling.

A capacitator is part of the unit’s electrical system, and when it overheats, wears out or experiences a power surge, the air conditioner malfunctions. Individuals in the HVAC trade can replace a capacitator with a new one because they have knowledge of electrical systems. Malfunctioning or broken capacitators that aren’t repaired or replaced right away can lead to costly expenses.

Low Refrigerant Charge

Refrigerant is an essential component to an A/C unit. It works to dehumidify the air by absorbing indoor heat. Refrigerant starts as a liquid, changes to a gas then turns back to liquid. This process repeats continuously to ensure heat is absorbed and the air stays dry and cool. However, sometimes in its liquid stage, refrigerant leaks from the A/C coils.

When refrigerant is leaking, individuals in the HVAC trade usually discover that a low refrigerant supply is the culprit. Technicians repair and test the system to ensure the refrigerant is circulating properly and maintaining a stable temperature in the residence or commercial building.

Maintenance is important to keep air conditioners running efficiently during the hottest months of the year. However, issues may still occur for HVAC systems running around the clock. The good news is most air conditioner problems can be prevented or repaired by an individual in the HVAC trade. Apex offers students the entry-level knowledge and skills they need to diagnose summer heating and cooling problems. Learn more about the Air Conditioning and Refrigeration program at Apex, including classes on residential and commercial appliances, electrical and more.


*Apex Technical School and its instructors are licensed by the New York State Education Department.

Disclaimer: Apex Technical School provides training for entry-level jobs. Not everything you may read about the industry is covered in our training programs.